If you mention "Scheherezade" to a musician, they will probably assume you're talking about the Rimsky-Korsakov piece:
Such a great piece.
Ravel also has a version of Sheherezade, for soprano and orchestra:
There are different ballet versions, which use Rimsky Korsakov's music:
I posted this a long time ago, when no one read my blog, so here it is again-a completely different musical genre, the Nightwish song "Sahara" is inspired by Arabian Nights as well. The chorus:
"One thousand one nights unseen
The philosopher and the Queen"